Kim Moses
Kim Moses

The Effects of the Texas Deep Freeze on the Petroleum Feedstocks



  • Texas is the largest producer of energy in the U.S., and it is a mostly deregulated, market-based system.
  • It is the only lower-48 state disconnected from the national power grid with the intention of avoiding federal regulations.
  • Texas cannot send power to another state; nor can it receive power from others.
  • The majority of Texas power is generated by natural gas-fired power plants.
  • Many power plants in the southern United States are not enclosed inside a building, with boilers and turbines exposed to the elements. This is by design. Leaving  key power plant infrastructure outside prevents excessive heat build-up during warmer periods but vulnerable in cold weather.
  • Feb 13-17, 2021, URI caused the whole state to experience record cold, preceded by ice storms, which were followed by snow.  Central Texas, for example, recorded the coldest temperatures in more than three decades and the most snow – about 6 inches – in more than seven decades.
  • Ice storms caused tree limbs to fall onto distribution lines, causing power outages.  Wind turbines were taken offline due to icing of their blades. Distribution of natural gas to power plants was shut-off or curtailed when key components in the gas system froze up.  Even a nuclear plant had a cold-weather-related failure.
  • The extreme cold caused a huge spike in demand for heat at the same time the power supply was collapsing.
  • The historic storm crippled the state’s power grid, causing widespread rolling blackouts to avoid a total meltdown of the power supply.
  • Petrochemical plants were given one hour to shut-down causing hard stops which damaged pipes, fittings, and pumps.
  • Trucks were stranded on the highways.  Their cargo, if not freeze thaw stable, froze solid.
  • Even 30 days later, some Gulf Coast plants are still assessing the damage and have not started production.
  • The petrochemical industry is a complex chain of interconnected chemistries.  Many complexes require a sequential start up.

Courtesy of Henkel Adhesives


EMA Launches a New Website Design

July 30, 2020, Alexandria, VA – EMA has launched a redesign of their website, www.envelope.org.  The site now features a cleaner and more contemporary design.  The redesign includes aesthetic enhancements to provide a more engaging user experience and enhanced navigation to help visitors easily find the information needed.

EMA’s online presence includes EMA, GEA and the EMA Foundation.  The site fully integrates with EMA’s membership and event management system, which includes the membership database, the ability to purchase training materials and to register for events.  Members will also have access to a robust database of presentations and reports from the EMA, GEA and Foundation library.  Members will also be able to connect with one another via a link to their online engagement platform, EMA Connect.

In addition, visitors will be able to access membership applications and view listings of manufacturers and suppliers, frequently asked questions, envelope sizes, envelope shipments and sales, and other industry related information.

“I am excited to debut the newly designed website.  I think our members will appreciate the clean, modern design.  Through this relaunch, EMA strives as an industry leader to deliver consistent, relevant news and resources our members can use daily” said Kim Moses, Senior Director of Education, Meetings & Membership.

EMA redesigned the website to provide 24-hour access to information on activities and news around the industry. For more information, please contact Traci Brooks at 703-739-2200 or tbrooks@envelope.org.

About EMA

The EMA Foundation for Paper-Based Communications supports the paper-based communications industry by designing and implementing a key research and education agenda for companies in the envelope industry and the customers they serve.

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